--> Scripture Studies for Advent 2014 (Cycle B) available here.

The Solemnity of Christ the King - Cycle A

November 23, 2014

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Opening Prayer  

First Reading: Ezekiel 34:11-12,15-17

Psalm: 23:1-3,5-6

Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 15:20-26,28

Gospel Reading: Matthew 25:31-46

  • Jesus’ three preceding parables about being prepared (Matthew 24: 42-51; 25:1-13; 25:14-30) are completed by his announcement of the Final Judgment at the end of time when he will sit on his throne and judge the nations, that is, all men (see Ezekiel 34:17-20; Daniel 7:9-14; John 5:25-29; 1 Corinthians 15:20-28; Revelation 20:11-15)..
  • Christ identifies himself with those in need and all are judged and rewarded by him by how they ministered to him through them (Matthew 16:16-27; Romans 2:6-11). Faith alone is not the basis—in fact faith is not mentioned here or in the preceding parables.
  • Jesus himself also makes it clear that both heaven and hell are very real—and eternal.



  • In the 1st Reading, the Lord is depicted as a Good Shepherd who tends the weak among his flock. He is also portrayed, however, as a just judge. Upon what is his judgment based (see Ezekiel 34:17-24)?
  • In the 2nd Reading, St. Paul describes how he and his fellow evangelists have spent themselves in the service of the Gospel. What, surprisingly, is his own response to this? Would that be your reaction in a similar situation?
  • List the six actions Jesus will use as a basis of judgment. What kinds of acts are these? For whom are they done now and ultimately (verse 40)? How do they benefit the doer?
  • How are those who don’t do the acts and those that do them similar? Different?
  • In this reading and those of the last few weeks, how were Jesus and his opponents different in actions and attitudes? Is the judgment note of these readings consistent with your view of Jesus? Why or why not?
  • What do these readings teach about Christian responsibility? Who are “these least brothers of mine”?
  • When have you been hungry, thirsty, a stranger, in need of clothes, sick or imprisoned, and someone reached out to you? How did it feel?
  • In the six areas noted by Jesus, where do you feel yourself serving most naturally? In which areas do you have the most trouble reaching out?

Closing Prayer

Catechism of the Catholic Church:  §§ 544, 668-682, 1038-1041, 1503, 2443-2449, 2463

We have, I admit, a rigorous account to give of our sins; but who will be our judge?  The Father...has given all judgment to the Son.  Let us be comforted: the eternal Father has placed our cause in the hands of our Redeemer Himself.  St. Paul encourages us, saying, ‘Who is [the judge] who is to condemn us?  It is Jesus Christ, who died...who indeed intercedes for us’ (Romans 8:34).  It is the Savior Himself, who, in order that He should not condemn us to eternal death, has condemned Himself to death for our sake, and who, not content with this, still continues to intercede for us in Heaven with God His Father.             --St. Alphonsus Liguori


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- St. Jerome